HTML Introduction

HTML Introduction

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is used to create web pages. It is the combination of Hyper Text Markup Language. In which Hyper defines the link of the web pages and Markup language defines the text document within the tag, structure of the web pages.

What is HTML?

  •  HTML is the stander markup language for creating web pages.
  •  HTML is used to defines the structure of HTML web pages.
  •  HTML consists of a series of Tag or Elements.
  •  HTML tag or element tells the browser how the web page displays the text, images, and other content.
  •  HTML uses tags or elements to define what the manipulation has to be done on the text.
  •  Simple Example of  HTML Document

Try Now

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Web Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>
</body>
</html>

html example


In the given above example, some of the HTML tags are used which is explained below.

  • The <!DOCTYPE html>  define that this document is an HTML5 document.
  • The <html> element define that it is the root element of the HTML web page.
  • The <head> element define that it contains meta information about HTML Page.
  • The <title> element defines the title for the HTML page. it is shown in the browser title bar or Page tab.
  • The <body> the element defines the document body. it contains all types of visible contents such as paragraphs, headings,  images, hyperlinks list, table, form, etc.
  • The <h1> element defines the large heading.
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph.

Simple Example of HTML

Note:  you can save html page with .html or .htm extention.


What are HTML Elements?


 The HTML element is used with a start tag and a close tag. Inside the tag, you can write some content.

Open and Close tag of HTML

Start tag Element content End tag
<h1> My First Heading </h1>
<p> This is Paragraph </p>
<br> None None

 
 Note:  Some element have not content that is called empty element ( like <br>  and <hr> ). it does not have an end tag!.
 Web Browsers

Web browsers are used to read HTML documents and display them correctly. You can use it with a different browser (Like Google Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, etc ).
In web browser does not display web browser HTML tags, but you can determine how to display the document.

HTML History


There are many versions of HTML, but the stable version of HTML is HTML5 Now.

Year   Version
1989 Tim Berners-Lee invented www (World Wide Web)
1991     Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML
1993     Dave Raggett drafted HTML+
1995     HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
1997  W3C Recommendation: HTML 3.2 
1999     W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.01
2000 W3C Recommendation: XHTML 1.0
2008 WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft
2012     WHATWG HTML5 Living Standard
2014     W3C Recommendation: HTML5
2016 W3C Candidate Recommendation: HTML 5.1
2017 W3C Recommendation: HTML5.1 2nd Edition
2017  W3C Recommendation: HTML5.2 

 

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