html-introduction

HTML Introduction

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is used to create web pages. It is the combination of HyperText Markup Language. In which Hyper defines the link of the web pages and Markup language defines the text document within the tag, structure of the web pages.

What is HTML?

  •  HTML is the stander markup language for creating web pages.
  •  HTML is used to defines the structure of HTML web pages.
  •  HTML consists of a series of Tag or Elements.
  •  HTML tag or element tells the browser how the web page displays the text, images, and other content.
  •  HTML uses tags or elements to define what the manipulation has to be done on the text.
  •  Simple Example of  HTML Document

Try Now

 

html example

In the given example, some of the HTML tags are used which is explained below.

  • The <!DOCTYPE html>  define that this document is an HTML5 document.
  • The <html> element defines that it is the root element of the HTML web page.
  • The <head> element defines that it contains meta information about HTML Page.
  • The <title> element defines the title for the HTML page. it is shown in the browser title bar or Page tab.
  • The <body> the element defines the document body. it contains all types of visible contents such as paragraphs, headings,  images, hyperlinks list, table, form, etc.
  • The <h1> element defines the large heading.
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph.

Simple Example of HTML

Note:  you can save the HTML page with or .htm extension.

What are HTML Elements?

The HTML element is used with a start tag and a close tag. Inside the tag, you can write some content.

Open and Close tag of HTML

Start tag Element content End tag
<h1> My First Heading </h1>
<p> This is Paragraph </p>
<br> None None

Note:  Some element have not content that is called empty element ( like <br>  and <hr> ). it does not have an end tag!.
Web Browsers

Web browsers are used to read HTML documents and display them correctly. You can use it with a different browser (Like Google Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, etc ).
In web browser does not display web browser HTML tags, but you can determine how to display the document.

HTML History

There are many versions of HTML, but the stable version of HTML is HTML5 Now.

Year   Version
1989 Tim Berners-Lee invented www (World Wide Web)
1991 Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML
1993 Dave Raggett drafted HTML+
1995 HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
1997 W3C Recommendation: HTML 3.2
1999 W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.01
2000 W3C Recommendation: XHTML 1.0
2008 WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft
2012 WHATWG HTML5 Living Standard
2014  W3C Recommendation: HTML5
2016 W3C Candidate Recommendation: HTML 5.1
2017 W3C Recommendation: HTML5.1 2nd Edition
2017  W3C Recommendation: HTML5.2